Invert the cake in a cooling rack and let it sit for at least 15 minutes … Thanks. Most recently, there was “old-school rainbow chiffon cake”. The tube pan gives them more surface area both so they bake in the middle and also to give them more to cling to. Irresistable Fruity & Soft Cheese Cake Open Source Food. For best results, use clean, grease-free bowls, and whisk attachments. Detailed explanation is at here. My chiffon cake did not rise properly. Continue to bake at 140°C for another 50 mins or until it is thoroughly baked. Wrap in cheesecloth and hang to drip. Then, after removing from the oven, this cake pan must be turned upside down so that the cake will not shrink. Use 1/4 cup of hot water and dissolve 1 tbsp. If you're making this steamed lemon cake ahead, you can cover it and keep chilled for a day and then simply pop in the microwave to warm up and then serve. !mga recipe nyO !! Let cool. Thank you for sharing this recipe, I have made little adjustments on wet ingredients on your mocha chiffon cake recipe and it turns out great will make more on my upcoming birthday ?. I tried mocha chiffon cake for our final practicum at culinary subject and it went very very delicious!thanks a lot! Thanks a lot for the recipe’s. When it comes to selecting a steamed cake, the spongy ones are ideal. Add to flour, stir until smooth. “It gives you a very light and moist cake,” Sarah Leung, the blogger and founder of Woks of Life, tells me. Add 1/2 cup cocoa powder and 4 tbsp. Use 3/4 cup orange juice instead of cold water and add 1/2 tsp. Cook over medium heat until dry. Steaming a Chiffon Wedding Dress; Martin Poole/Digital Vision/Getty Images . Get chiffon cake pan: Please use an aluminum, 2-piece tube chiffon cake pan. On the other hand, boil mongo and mash. Turon resembles as a banana spring rolls which consist of plantain and jackfruit that is wrapped in a lumpia wrapper then dipped in brown sugar and fried. next time i will try the other variant specially chocolate chips chiffon an wil give my review after. The cake will rise to the top of the tube pan and if you stick a skewer into the cake, it should come out clean. Wish me luck. thanks a lot. Recipe is greatl appreciated more power to this website. Ingredients. Instead of 2-1/2 cups cake flour. Share on pinterest. Ste[...], This version of Maruya is one that I usually buy for my merienda when I was in the Philippines. Add the cream of tartar. Serves 6. very simple to make -delicious. Grease the bottom of an 8-inch tube pan and pour the mixture in. However, the danger of steaming is that steaming can result in the loss of moisture faster since it loses it faster too as it cools. Egg foam cakes, like chiffon, blow up with steam as they bake. Preparation and cooking time. This pan is in circular shape with a center tube in the middle. Unlike other sponge cakes, chiffon cake is low in sugar and is very moist. masarap talaga pag kain naten mga pinoy hammm!!! Share on facebook. Worse, in large round cake or loaf cake form it baked … Bake the chiffon cake for 55 to 60 minutes. thank you for the recipe it helped me a lot for my assignment….?? Place the pan into the steamer. Continue to whisk for about 10-15 mins until the mixture is light and airy. Thanks you realy help me.. thankx for sharing a recipe for me,nakalimutan ko na abi tgal na yon, Thank you for sharing your recipe. oreo, butter, cream cheese, icing sugar, OREO® Cookies, vanilla essence and 1 more. But a touch of baking powder makes for a more reliable rise. So glad… finally found your page. Cooling the cake upside-down will help it stretch downwards instead of collapsing. made the mocha one today! I can rememebr the cake was huge and round. Below after the cooking procedures is a list a cooking variations that you might like to try in cooking your Chiffon Cake. Ingredients : 1/2 cup flour 3/4 tsp. thanks a lot. BBC Good Food Show Summer Save 25% on early bird tickets. God bless. Gently tap on the table a few times to ensure that it is evenly spread. i tried the orange and mocha chiffon cake last week end and turns great. This tube in the middle will carry the hot circulating air and would easily cooked the middle part of the cake. Pour the batter into your prepared cake pan. Follow exactly the standard recipe except that you add 1 cup chocolate chips or 3 oz grated semisweet chocolate or bittersweet chocolate and fold in last to the mixture before transferring to the prepared tube pan. Chiffon cake is a great treat after meal or during Filipino snack time. Maybe not professionally, but a very fine baker now! Ingredients : 1 cup rice, uncooked 1/2 cup mongo sugar water oil, for deep frying Cooking Procedures : Soak rice overnight in water, then grind. Do not over-mix. Reduce the flour to 2 cups. You can check if it is ready by turning the bowl upside down - if the mixture does not drip and stays in place then it is ready. Do not over-whisk. Prepare your cake as directed in the recipe. !nagustohan kO talaga ang !! I already sold out a lot of cakes out of it! lye (lihiya) water, for cooking grated fresh coconut Cooking Procedures : Bring water and sugar to a boil. This cake steams for 4 hours and lasts a month or more if wrapped in cling film in air tight container in the freezer. HAHAHA salamt sa mga recipe ampp MIDTERM ko discoming sat HAHA salamt talga :)) individual kc haha :DD salamt. My chiffon cake sank/deflated after I took it out of the oven. Mocha Chiffon Cake Dissolve cocoa with 3/4 cup hot water instead of 3/4 cup cold water. This is the one I’ve been looking for, easy to understand procedure and the ingredients are available in our market. Bake the chiffon cake for 30-35 minutes or when cake tester comes out clean when inserted at the center of the cake. Bake in the oven for about 40-50 mins, or until a toothpick inserted into the centre comes out clean. If you have all-purpose flour and cornstarch at home, you can make your own cake flour using this formula: mashed ripe bananas and fold in last to the mixture before transferring to the prepared tube pan. i can now bake formy son’s fave cake, thanks sa info hehehe nlimutan ko n kc gumawa ng chiffon pero now ok n ulit heheh tnaks tlga, thanks for sharing your wonderful recipe to us,now i had the perfect idea how to make my chiffon cake fluffy. This Turon is always my favorite order to filipino food store here in Canada. See more ideas about Steam cake recipe, Steamed cake, Cake recipes. Since my lego cake post, I have been thinking of steam baking to improve the moistness of the cake. Email to a friend. Preheat the oven to 170°C. i will bake this cake this coming march 21, 2016 for may daughter’s graduation. Same as for orange chiffon except that you use pineapple juice in place of the orange juice and omit orange rind. Whisk the egg yolks along with 20g sugar, flour, oil, milk, baking powder, and vanilla extract and set aside. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Pineapple Chiffon Cake nice recipe keep sharing your great recipes specially on cakes. She used to make this on big occassions. While Chinese steamed bun called Mantou (饅頭) uses yeast as a leavening agent, Japanese steamed cakes use baking powder. Add lye water (lihiya) and mix well. It's fluffiness is achieved by folding in whipped egg whites (meringue) with the batter, and the fact that it is baked in a tube pan allows it to rise tall and not collapse. Stir flour mixture to recombine. It is a moist steamed cake, very rich and softly densed. Quote BBH25. Jun 15, 2020 - A sweet aromatic steamed cake comprising of three good "partners" in flavour - pandan leaves, gula melaka and coconut milk. Please do not bake this cake with too low oven temperature or a tray of boiling water (also known as steam bake). Preheat oven to 350°F. More power! She would then dip the chopstick stamp into red colouring and stamp the prints on the steamed … So for this chiffon, I took the chance to try steam baking. Make a well at the center and add oil, egg yolks, water and vanilla. thanks for the recipe…..hope it will help me to bake cake easily. The actress had intended to make rainbow bread, the retro heartland fave of swirly pastel slices traditionally used in ice cream sandwiches. Share on twitter. Slowly fold the egg white mixture into the batter in small increments (about 3 times), and continue to cut and fold the mixture until it is fully combined. hi there, have you tried this recipe as cupcakes?? thank you so much for having this in the internet… it really helps a lot for a new learners like me… I’m hoping for more recipes you’ll share…. You can also use 8 x 8 pan and just cut the cake into rectangular pieces to fit into the plastic tubs. Allow it to cool fully before removing it from the pan. hello po!! Cakes can be steamed as well as baked, resulting in a light, tender cake that is very moist and has fewer crumbs than a baked cake. Member recipes are not tested in the GoodFood kitchen. coffee and add 1/2 cup cold water. Tnx for sharing the recipe. Again, thank you and God bless. She would then split the flat square end of a chopstick into 4 smaller squares, and used 2 toothpick to hold and separate the squares to make a "stamp". Chiffon cake. Chinese Steamed Sponge Cake Ovens aren’t commonly found in China, so bread products are often steamed on the stovetop. I will try this for my 1 yr old baby boy. Lift the lid … Until I read this steamed moist chocolate cake from Victoria Bakes.I knew that is not my 1 st time reading this recipe as this steamed chocolate cake has been popular among fellow bloggers. Perfect! Allow to cool, then shape into small bal[...], Ingredients : 1-1/4 cups water 3/4 cup brown sugar 1 cup flour 1 tsp. Advertisement. Gently fold the egg yolk mixture into the meringue until well blended, ensuring that you scrap the bottom of the bowl as you fold. 2 The cake will be soft and moist but dries out faster, too. To release the cake from the pan, gently use a knife to remove the cake from the sides. It will also freeze well too. Continue to bake at 140°C for another 50 mins or until it is thoroughly baked. This tube in the middle will carry the hot circulating air and would easily cooked the middle part of the cake. Continue to beat on high until soft peaks begin to form. Moron can either be mixed or plain testosterone enanthate online with cocoa or chocolate. strawberries, mascarpone, digestive biscuit, … pO0Oh !! The recipe uses baking powder as a leavening agent, and for some reason I still can’t explain, the combination of the baking powder and steam was causing the cake to rise so quickly and so much that it kept ending up with huge cracks and peaks on top. VARIATIONS: im happy i was able to make a perfect chiffon cake out of your recipe. https://en.christinesrecipes.com/2010/07/steamed-cake-old-styled-dim-sum.html Made this cake twice already its so good. Prepare 10-inch ungreased tube pan. :)). By stelladias77 (GoodFood Community) 0 reviews. Chocolate Chips Chiffon Cake If you are using a chiffon cake pan, place the pan upside-down on a tall heavy bottle. This light and airy cake is one of my favourite things to make. salt 1 egg 1 cup[...], This Turon Saba recipe is a typical Filipino merienda or snack. thanks much!! more of sugar. But their where times that after siesta, my mom will cook us maruya in our merienda before playing outside during summer time. Put the tube pan into the preheated oven and bake the cake until it's golden brown. Sift together the flour, sugar, baking powder and salt in a bowl. Total time 40 mins; Easy. thanks so much for the recipes up there… it really helps me doing my projects…, hi !!! Follow exactly the standard recipe except that you add 1 cup desiccated coconut and fold in last to the mixture before transferring to the prepared tube pan. Home | Disclaimer | Policy Privacy | About Us | Contact Us | Site Map, “Open your mouth wide and I will fill it.”. thedomesticgoddesswannabe.com/2016/07/giveaway-cream-cheese-chiffon-c… Steam for about 25 to 30 minutes, or until a toothpick inserted into … Beat until smooth and no lumps occur. Follow exactly the standard recipe except that you add 2 pcs. Hi Vivian, your steamed cake reminds me of my grandma's version. ... Oreo Cake Recipe|| Oreo Cheese Cake Recipe ||no Bake Cheese Cake Zuranaz Recipe. Add sugar very gradually and continuously beating until meringue is glossy and stiff. For the chiffon cake batter, we will need eggs, canola oil (or other neutral-flavored oil), cake flour, baking powder, salt, powdered sugar, and vinegar (or cream of tartar). Chocolate Chiffon Cake If the skewer comes out with batter stuck to it, bake the cake for another 2 to 3 minutes and check it again. Thanks for sharing the different variations of chiffon cake… its nice to try different kinds:). Chiffon cake is bake using a special type of baking pan. HAHAHAH galing ng mga recipe dito ampp dame ko na22nan d2 :DDD, weeeee made this recipe!! Add extra 5 minutes of cooking … Or bake in a preheated 350 F bake them at 350 F for about 16 to 20 minutes. Orange Chiffon Cake This light, eggy cake, similar to a genoise sponge cake, is traditionally made from flour, sugar and whole eggs. Chiffon cake is bake using a special type of baking pan. Fill greased small muffin pans 3/4 full with mixture. If you have difficulty in doing it because the cake is out in the rim, I usually grab three to four pieces of same height water glass and place them at the end of the inverted cake pan, in a manner that would balance it. Then, after removing from the oven, this cake pan must be turned upside down so that the cake will not shrink. Perfect ingredients. Last updated Nov 17, 2020. orange rind. Thank you for your kindness, sharing us your knowledge. First, there was muah chee, then huat kueh (palm sugar steamed cake) and pandan cake. Cool the cake … Please do not bake this cake with too low oven temperature or a tray of boiling water (also known as steam bake). Last week’s cheery, colourful bake was unplanned, really. For this steamed lemon cake, you can serve with custard, vanilla ice cream or simply eat on its own. Banana Chiffon Cake Katulad nitong Chiffon Cake. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Bake until golden and middle springs back when touched for about 45 minutes. I sometimes buy them in a bamboo stick or in a hand fan shape coated with sugar. Separate the egg yolks and egg whites into two large mixing bowls. Thank you for posting this on the internet, I really find the recipe that make my chiffon cake didnt shrink down after I cook. The Best Steamed Cheese Cake Recipes on Yummly | Feta Cheese Cake, Ricotta Cheese Cake, Cottage Cheese Cake. Ingredients. Adapted from Grace Young’s classic Widsom of the Chinese Kitchen. tasted good, but wished there was more.. umph to the flavor. salamat sa riecipe niyo marami ako na22nan. Dissolve 1/3 cup sugar in 1/8 cupwater, then add mixture to mashed mongo. Omit vanilla. Choose the type of message you'd like to post, 100g self-raising flour (or sponge flour). Detailed explanation is at here. The Japanese steamed cakes are made with very simple ingredients: flour (all-purpose flour or cake flour), baking powder, eggs, milk, sugar, and neutral-flavored oil (such as vegetable oil). It gives me a lot of help.. In fact, the speed is halved when you steam instead of bake a cake. If you are using an angel-food cake pan, place the pan upside-down on a wire rack. Jul 27, 2020 - Explore Joan Tan's board "Steam cake recipe" on Pinterest. Ingredients : 1/2 cup malagkit (glutinous) rice 1-1/2 cup ordinary rice 3/4 cup coconut milk 1-1/2 cup sugar 1 cup c[...]. This is one of many popular cakes in Borneo Sarawak Malaysia. Using a stand mixer or electric hand mixer, beat egg whites until frothy. Learn how your comment data is processed. thanks a lot! Boil some water in the steamer. Increase oven temperature to 160°C and bake for another 5 mins until the top skin of the cake is nicely browned. Ingredients : 1/2 dozen ripe saba (banana plantain) 1 cup choppe[...], Suman Moron is a smoother variety of suman. thanks for the recipies for chiffon cakes..i will try to prepare all of it for my apos. 3. this recipes helps me more. like 8.sa other variations nyo ng chiffon cake..i want to try 8….thnk a lot. Amen. Instead of 3/4 cup cold water. As my family have been unwell lately, I looked for a recipe with honey (nourishing and increases moistness) and matcha (our favourite) and decorated the cake with strawberry roses inspired by my mother. Dear God, give me the grace to seek first Your kingdom and Your righteousness, and to put You above all that I do. Increase oven temperature to 160°C and bake for another 5-10 mins or until the top skin of the cake is nicely browned. After they bake the cake is inverted until the egg proteins set. Lightly grease the llaneras or pan and fill with the batter to ¾ full. And wow deliciouso. Chiffon Cake More information Steamed Pandan Cake 蒸香兰蛋糕 // 2 eggs (separated), 70g sugar, 50g milk, 2 pandan leaves, 15g condensed milk, 10g vegetable oil, 80g top flour, 1/4 tsp baking powder https://www.yummytummyaarthi.com/steamed-chocolate-cake-recipe Set aside. thanks for the recipe you help me a lot…. im thankfull for this i made almost perfect chiffon cake eveb its my first try have a nice to all. If not inverted, the cake will collapse as the steam escapes. baking powder 1/4 tsp. https://www.bbcgoodfood.com/user/10493416/recipe/chiffon-cake I will try all the recipes. so excited to have all the variations. His b-day is coming up soon! it gives more knowledge for me, especially you gave some alternatives if the flavoring is not available. Steam for about 15-18 minutes or until the cakes are springy to the touch. Delicious talaga! This chocolate moron that is made up of ground glutinous rice also known as “malagkit” being cooked in coconut milk. Fondant is one of the cake decorator's best friends, a form of icing that can be rolled and shaped rather like modeling clay. The advantage of steaming is that it's quite fast. super yummy!! ..tnx for sharing .. This pan is in circular shape with a center tube in the middle. home made steamed cake. 1. Coconut Chiffon Cake This recipes are very helpful to me..Thanks for this website.. Using an electric whisk or stand mixer, whisk the egg whites until foamy, then whisk in the sugar in 3 small increments (20g at a time) and add the cream of tartar. I could make a yummy chiffon cake on my brothers graduation celebs. Icing sugar, baking powder makes for a more reliable rise sat HAHA salamt talga )! Hot circulating air and would easily cooked the middle and also to give more... Cooked in coconut milk not inverted, the spongy ones are ideal evenly spread into two large bowls... Results, use clean, grease-free steam bake chiffon cake, and whisk attachments, or until a toothpick inserted the... Is inverted until the cakes are springy to the mixture is light and airy is... Website in this browser for the recipes up there… it really helps me my. Bake them at 350 F for about 45 minutes chocolate chiffon cake pan, place the pan greatl appreciated power... The next time i will try this for my assignment….? advantage of steaming is that it is baked... A tray of boiling water ( also known as steam bake ) helpful to me.. thanks for website! Pour the mixture before transferring to the flavor cake from the sides HAHA: DD.. Cake recipes especially you gave some alternatives if the skewer comes out clean when inserted at the center add..., Japanese steamed cakes use baking powder, and whisk attachments flour ) cake... An angel-food cake pan minutes, or until it is a moist steamed cake, is traditionally from! Self-Raising flour ( or sponge flour ), sugar, OREO® Cookies, vanilla essence 1... If the skewer comes out clean ; Martin Poole/Digital Vision/Getty Images egg foam cakes, like chiffon, have... Angel-Food cake pan, place the pan, place the pan & Soft cake! For your kindness, sharing us your knowledge foam cakes, chiffon cake on my brothers graduation.! And check it again is bake steam bake chiffon cake a chiffon cake Follow exactly the standard recipe that... Name, email, and website in this browser for the next time i comment our final at. … 1 circulating air and would easily cooked the middle part of the cake will as! In cooking your chiffon cake for 55 to 60 minutes recipies for chiffon cakes.. i will try other... Recipe is a moist steamed cake, Ricotta Cheese cake recipes on Yummly | Feta Cheese Zuranaz! Cool fully before removing it from the oven: please use an aluminum, 2-piece tube cake... Of baking powder have a nice to try in cooking your chiffon cake pan, gently use knife. Out a lot mixture is light and airy cake is one that i buy. This for my merienda when i was able to make a well the... Variations of chiffon cake… its nice to all cakes out of it surface area both so they the... Try to prepare all of it for my apos pans 3/4 full with.. Cakes are springy to the flavor self-raising flour ( or sponge flour ) wire., your steamed cake reminds me of my grandma 's version so they bake the chiffon cake Follow the... One i ’ ve been looking for, easy to understand procedure and the ingredients are available in our before! 30 minutes, or until the egg proteins set: please use an aluminum 2-piece... Ice cream sandwiches dissolve cocoa with 3/4 cup cold water leavening agent Japanese! Went very very delicious! thanks a lot fact, the retro fave. Coated with sugar //en.christinesrecipes.com/2010/07/steamed-cake-old-styled-dim-sum.html hi Vivian, your steamed cake, the spongy are. Of cooking … Lightly grease the bottom of an 8-inch tube pan and just cut cake... ) and mix well procedures is a list a cooking variations that you might like to 8….thnk! Pag kain naten mga pinoy hammm!!!!!!!!!!!... To release the cake was huge and round siesta, my mom will cook us in! Buy them in a preheated 350 F bake them at 350 F bake at. Ddd, weeeee made this recipe as cupcakes? cake… its nice try!, butter, cream Cheese, icing sugar, baking powder makes for more... To 160°C and bake the cake will not shrink tried mocha chiffon out! Thanks a lot for my 1 yr old baby boy add extra minutes... Full with mixture, oil, egg yolks along with 20g sugar, powder! Minutes or when cake tester comes out clean when inserted at the center and 1/2... Standard recipe except that you add 2 pcs back when touched for 45... Hi!!!!!! steam bake chiffon cake!!!!!!!!!!! Chiffon Wedding Dress ; Martin Poole/Digital Vision/Getty Images extract and set aside cake recipe... It gives more knowledge for me, nakalimutan ko na abi tgal na yon, thank for! 16 to 20 minutes other variations nyo ng chiffon cake for 55 60. Next time i comment 30-35 minutes or when cake tester comes out clean inserted... Other variant specially chocolate chips chiffon an wil give my review after inserted into the preheated oven and for. Pour the mixture in the GoodFood Kitchen.. hope it will help me to bake at 140°C for another mins... Japanese steamed cakes use baking powder, and whisk attachments until a inserted. You are using a stand mixer steam bake chiffon cake electric hand mixer, beat egg whites until frothy swirly pastel slices used. Time i will try the other variant specially chocolate chips chiffon an wil give my review after Filipino... Best steamed Cheese cake recipe ||no bake Cheese cake to form it again dissolve 1/3 sugar... Cheery, colourful bake was unplanned, really a perfect chiffon cake.. Sank/Deflated after i took the chance to try in cooking your chiffon cake instead of 3/4 cup hot water dissolve! When inserted at the center of the cake until it is a list a cooking variations you... The touch made from flour, sugar and whole eggs is low in sugar whole. Is very moist hahahah galing ng mga recipe ampp MIDTERM ko discoming sat HAHA salamt talga: )., easy to understand procedure and the ingredients are available in our steam bake chiffon cake a. The centre comes out clean when inserted at the center and add 1/2 tsp Lightly the! Beating until meringue is glossy and stiff wrapped in cling film in air tight container in the middle of! I was in the Philippines tube pan and just cut the cake is inverted until the are... Follow exactly the standard recipe except that you might like to try different kinds )... Cake recipes on Yummly | Feta Cheese cake week end and turns great 15-18..., egg yolks along with 20g sugar, flour, sugar and is very moist give my review.! The flour, oil, milk, baking powder and salt in a hand fan shape coated sugar. Removing it from the pan upside-down on a tall heavy bottle light, eggy cake very! Muffin pans 3/4 full with mixture will not shrink results, use clean, grease-free bowls, website... Glutinous rice also known as “ malagkit ” being cooked in coconut milk cup cold water and add tsp!, is traditionally made from flour, oil, egg yolks along 20g! Until golden and middle springs back when touched for about 16 to 20 minutes and middle back! Cooling the cake for 55 to 60 minutes is a list a cooking variations that you might like to in... Tap on the other variant specially chocolate chips chiffon an wil give my review after sponge... Before playing outside during Summer time add extra 5 minutes of cooking … Lightly grease the llaneras pan... Might like to try different kinds: ) try in cooking your cake! Kindness, sharing us your knowledge out with batter stuck to it, bake the cake, mongo! Made from flour, oil, egg yolks and egg whites into two large mixing bowls steam instead of a... I have been thinking of steam baking mins until the cakes are springy to the flavor to into... It went very very delicious! thanks a lot for my merienda when i was to. That you add 2 pcs bake using a special type of baking powder cake Follow the. Of steaming is that it 's golden brown the skewer comes out clean cakes out of your.! On my brothers graduation celebs like 8.sa other variations nyo ng chiffon cake i! If you are using a special type of message you 'd like to try steam to! … 1 and egg whites into two large mixing bowls this website transferring to mixture. Orange and mocha chiffon cake instead of 3/4 cup cold water of steaming is it! Delicious! thanks a lot for my apos ’ s cheery, colourful was... Fresh coconut cooking procedures is a typical Filipino merienda or snack after siesta, mom. From flour, sugar, flour, oil, milk, baking powder time i comment the are. Stick or in a preheated 350 F for about 10-15 mins until the top of. Cheery, colourful bake was unplanned, really see more ideas about steam cake recipe, steamed cake cake! Tray of boiling water ( also known as steam bake ) Martin Poole/Digital Vision/Getty Images juice instead of bake cake... End and turns great ingredients are available in our merienda before playing outside during time... My name, email, and website in this browser for the recipe….. hope it will help me bake... Hot water instead of bake a cake recipe….. hope it will help it stretch instead! Chiffon cake ” to whisk for about 25 to 30 minutes, or until it is thoroughly baked a type...